Cuadro de texto: Avifauna 
Cuadro de texto: Locality
Cuadro de texto: The Municipality of Algeria is located to the southwest in the department of Cauca - Colombia, limiting with the following municipalities:to the north with El Tambo, to the south Balboa and the department of Nariño, to the east with Patía and to the west Guapi and Timbiquí. The municipality is conformed by 12 towns: Santa Teresa of Bolivia, Betania, Florida, Naranjal, La Belleza, El Sinaí, El Mango, San Juan de la Guadua, El Diviso, El Plateado, Santa Clara y La Emboscada, with a total of 86 villages. The municipality has an extension of 706 squared kilometers, equivalent to 2,4% of the total territory of the department of the Cauca. It has an altitudinal gradient between 500 and the 3200 meters, which generates different climates and habitats and therefore a great biodiversity. 
Cuadro de texto: Geographically the municipality of Algeria constitutes the high river basin of most important river of the Cauca Pacific, San Juan de Micay. This river basin limits the Western slope of the Western Cordillera, dividing the Pacific region and Patia valley and a Serrania composed of Cerros Guapi, Plateado and Pinche, forming a great depresión with climatic and ecological peculiarities (Becking, 1995). The potential area of conservation is located to the Northwest of the municipality denominated as Serrania del Pinche, that is part of the high river basin of San Juan de Micay river. With an aproxímate area of 230 square kilometers, 30,000 hectares are a potential area for conservation. Primary forests cover 90% of the river basin and the villages that have influence over this area are: La Belleza, Los Sanjuanes, Cuadro de texto: Description
Cuadro de texto: For the Serrania del Pinche, 408 species of birds are reported, representing 252 genera and 47 families. The Tyrannidae family is the most diverse with 57 species followed by Thraupidae (53) and Trochilidae (41).  The most representative genera were Tangara and Atlapetes with 12 and 7 species respectively  (See table 1 and 2).

Serranía del Pinche

 

 

 

 

Explorations - The Hummingbird Conservancy

Cuadro de texto: The mountainous area of Pinche are composed by 496 species distributed in 246 genera and 104 families, between Pteridophytes, Briophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. The most diverse families were Lauraceae and Asteraceae with 33 and 28 species, respectively, and the families who displayed greater number of genera were Asteraceae (19) and Ericaceae (12). The genera with greater number of species were Ilex and Ocotea with 13 species each, Miconia (11), weinmannia (8), and Nectandra and Palicourea with 7 each. The mammals reported for the Serrania del Pinche are 116 species distributed in 12 orders, 24 families and 68 genera. The most  diverse mammalian order is Chiroptera with 64 species, followed by Carnivora and Rodentia with 13 and 17 species, respectively. As mentioned befote, the number species of birds are approximately 408 species, with 14 species in a threatened category: 7 are vulnerable (VU), 3 are endangered (EN) and endemic, 4 species are conisdered near threatened (NT) and of these 3 they are almost endemic. (Table 1). 
Cuadro de texto: Due to its strategic geographic location, the Serrania del Pinche has a great diversity of ecosystems of important ecological value: sub Andean, Andean and  high Andean forests, paramos and paramillos. Investigations of these areas have revealed a great diversity of species and high levels of endemisms. The primary Oak forests present in this area are the most extense of the Colombian southwest (Becking-1995) and also the largest on the western Cordillera. There is dire need for a conservation area to be establsihed in this area. The Nacional Parks, Cauca Regional Corporation and the Hummingbird Conservancy are establsihing conservation initiatives for the Serrania del Pinche with the purpose of guaranteeing its future. 
Cuadro de texto: In recent years, these ecosystems have undergone progressive deterioration due to the expansion of the agricultura frontier, the planting of illigal crops and the inadequate handling of grounds. This is reflected in the decrease of the hydric resources, lost of forest cover, low productivity and diminishing in the quality of life of the community. The future of the Serrania del Pinche is uncertain until a management plan is established for protection and conservation of this area. 
Cuadro de texto: Fauna y flora 
Cuadro de texto: Estado de conservación
Cuadro de texto: Threats
Cuadro de texto: Hummingbirds of the Serranía del Pinche  
Cuadro de texto: Threatened Birds of the Serranía del Pinche

TABLE 1.

TABLE 2.

FAMILY

SPECIES

ENDANGERED CATEGORY

ACCIPITRIDAE

Oroaetus isidori

 Vu A2c

CRACIDAE

Penelope ortoni

VuC1+2 (i) ENDEMIC

FORMICARIIDAE

Thamnomanes (Dysithamnus) occidentalis

VU lab (i,ii,iii,v)

FRINGILLIDAE

Oreothraupis arremonops

VU B2ab (ii,iii,v)

THRAUPIDAE

Chlorochrysa nitidissima

Vu B2ab (ii,iii)

COTINGIDAE

Cephalopterus penduliger

Vu A4c; C1+2(i) ALMOST ENDEMIC

PSITTACIDAE

Leptosittaca branickii

VU A2cd + 4cd; C2a(i)

FORMICARIIDAE

Grallaria gigantea

B2ab (ii,iii,iv)

CRACIDAE

Penelope perspicax

B2ab ( ii,iii,v); C2a(i)   Vu A2cd ENDEMIC

COEREBIDAE

Diglossa gloriosissima

B2ab ( ii,iii,iv) ENDEMIC

PHASIANIDAE

Odontophorus hyperhythrus

NT B1 + 2a,b,c,d,e; C2a ENDEMIC

RHYNOCRYPTIDAE

Chloropipo flavicapilla

Nt A3c ALMOST ENDEMIC

RAMPHASTIDAE

Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis

NT A3c

FURNARIIDAE

Margarornis stellatus

NT A2c + 3c  ALMOST ENDEMIC

Species

Inferior Limit

Upper  Limit

Distribution and Satus

Habitat

Aglaiocercus coelestis

300

2100

ALMOST ENDEMIC

MC

Coeligena wilsoni

 

 

ALMOST ENDEMIC

BmH, bB.

Eriocnemis mosquera

1200

3600

ALMOST ENDEMIC

bB,  BA.

Heliodoxa imperatrix

400

1800

ALMOST ENDEMIC

bmH,, bB.

Hylocharis grayi

0

2600

ALMOST ENDEMIC

BH, bB, BS, Bsec.

Philodice mitchellii

0

1900

ALMOST ENDEMIC

BH, BmH, bB, Ta.

Coeligena torquata

1500

3000

C

BH, BmH, bB.

Coeligena coeligena

1500

2600*  3000 FC

MC, C

BH, BmH, bB.

Heliangelus exortis

1500

3400

MC, L

bB, BH, BmH.

Adelomyia melanogenys

1000

2500*   3000 FC

C

BH, bB.

Dorífera ludoviciae

1400

2700*   3000 FC

MC

Bh, BmH, bB.

Eriocnemis isabellae sp. nov.

2800

3200

ENDEMIC, EN.

BH, bB.

Aglaiocercus kingi

1400

3000

C

bB, Bh, BmH.

Ocreatus underwoodii

1500

2500

MC

BH, BmH, bB, Bsec.

Acestrura mulsant

1500

2800

 

 

Chalcostigma herrani

2700

3600

PC, L

bB.

Ramphomicron microrhynchum

1700

3400

A, Pn.

bB, Bh, Ta.

Colibri coruscans

1300

3600

C

bB, Ta

Florisuga mellivora

0

1600*

 

MC

bB, Bh, BmH, Ta.

Amazilia tzacatl

0

1800

C

BS, BH, bB.

Boisseneaua flavescens

1400

2800*  3000 FC

MC

BH, BmH.

Phaethornis syrmatophorus

800

2400 *   3000 FC

C

BH, BmH

Haplophaedia aureliae

1500

3100

MC

BH, BmH, bB.

Metallura tyrianthina

1700

3600

Ab

bB, Bh, BA,

Category:

EN: Endangered

VU: Vulnerable

NT: Near Threatened

Habitats according to Hilty 1996 :

BmH: Wet forest

BH: Humid forest

BS: Dry Forest

Mesp: Scrubby Areas

bB: Forest border

Bgal: Gallery Forest

BA: Elfin Forest

Bsec: Secondary forest

Ta: Clearings

P: Paramo

S: Savanna

Pant: Swamp

Cult: Cultivated Areas

According to Hilty and Brown, 1996:

C: Common

MC: Fairly common

PC: Uncommon

R: Rare

Pco: Unkonown

A: Widely Distributed

Pn: Few Numbers

Ab: Abundant

L: local